نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر، دانشکده مهندسی پزشکی

2 دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر، دانشکده مهندسی پزشکی، گروه بیومتریال

10.22041/ijbme.2004.13516

چکیده

ژلاتین، پروتئین مشتق شده از جز آلی استخوان (کلاژن) است که تلفیق آن با جز معدنی استخوان (هیدروکسی آپاتیت) می تواند خواصی بسیار نزدیک به خواص استخوان طبیعی فراهم آورد، لذا در این تحقیق داربست کامپوزیتی ژلاتین و هیدروکسی آپاتیت به عنوان جایگزین تخریب پذیر استخوانی پیشنهاد گردیده است. ساخت این داربست ها از طریق فرآیند ریخته گری حلال (بدون استفاده از هیچگونه حلال آلی به منظور افزایش درجه زیست سازگاری) صورت پذیرفت. تخلخل حاصله بدون کمک عوامل تخلخل ساز بدست آمد و نشانگر حفره های به هم مرتبط با ابعادی در محدوده 50 تا 200 میکرومتر بود. به منظور بررسی میزان زیست سازگاری داربست ها، از سلولهای فیبروبلاستی موش استفاده شد کهآزمایشات کشت سلولی در طی مدت 24 ساعت نشان دهنده اتصال سلولی مناسب و زیست سازگاری عالی بود. بررسی های تکمیلی موید آن است که بهترین نتایج اتصال سلولی مربوط به کامپوزیت حاصل از 50% هیدروکسی آپاتیت و 50% ژلاتین است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Fabrication Of A Porous Composite Scaffold For Bone Tissue Engineering Based On Gelatin And Hydroxyapatite, Part I: Cell Culture Results

نویسندگان [English]

  • Karim Asgarzadeh Tabrizi 1
  • Fariba Ourang 2

1 Department of Biomedical Engineering, AmirKabir University of Technology

2 Biomaterials Group, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Amir Kabir University of Technology

چکیده [English]

Gelatin is a protein which is derived from the organic constituent of bone (collagen). Combination of this protein with the inorganic constituent of bone (hydroxyapatite) may provide closer properties to the natural bone. In this study, a biodegradable composite scaffold based on gelatin and hydroxyapatite was prepared as a substitute for bone tissue. To increase the biocompatibility of this, composite, its fabrication was carried out without using any organic solvent. Porosities obtained were spontaneously achieved without any porogen. The pore morphology indicated a high interconnectivity with diameters ranging from 50 to 200 micrometers, which seems appropriate for bone tissue engineering applications. In order to study the biocompatibility of the scaffolds, mouse fibroblastic cells were used. After 24-hour cell culture period in vitro, suitable cell attachment was observed showing high biocompatibility for all the samples. Further examinations demonstrated that the best biocompatibility is obtained for the composite of 50 wt% hydroxyapatite and 50 wt% gelatin.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bone tissue engineering
  • Gelatin
  • Hydroxyapatite
  • Cell Attachment
  • Porosity

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