Document Type : Full Research Paper


1 M.Sc Student, Faculty Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University

2 professor,Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University



Study of Physiological Parameters of the Cardiovascular System by One Dimensional and Numerical Simulation. Owning to important role of the cardiovascular system in the human body and increase of cardiovascular diseases from day to day, in this study, we try to simulate a system of arteries by using one dimensional numerical modeling. For the first time in the one dimensional simulation, we use the finite volume method for discretization of Navier-Stocks equations coupled with the state equation. In order to develop the outflow boundary condition, we use a kind of lumped model called arteriole structure tree. Results of this study are verified by results of other one dimensional modeling such as the characteristic method and are showed that finite volume method is able to demonstrate characteristic of blood flow in arteries. Normal pressure and flow profiles in main systemic arteries are determined, and it is founded that the pressure profile becomes steeper with distance from the heart, which is in agreement with physiological patterns. Furthermore, we can show that when elasticity of arteries is increased in arterioscleroses disease, systolic pressure increases, yet diastolic pressure decreases. Finally, according to available results, it is clear that the finite volume method is useful to simulate numerically and one dimensionally the cardiovascular system.


Main Subjects

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