Document Type : Full Research Paper


1 Postdoctoral Researcher, Energy Conversion Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University

2 Associate Professor, Energy Conversion Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University

3 Assistant Professor, Energy Conversion Group, Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering,Shiraz University of Technology



Generally, most of the human thermal response models are dependent upon a narrow range of personal/environmental parameters. In other words, the effects of other parameters such as eating foods are not considered in these models. On the other hand, previous studies have indicated that the overall thermal condition of the body can be significantly affected by eating cold or hot foods. In the present study, the time-dependent thermal response of the human body is simulated with considering the effect of eating hot/cold food. This simulation is performed by adding an extra term to Gagge’s transient model. In this study, three thermal conditions of the human body (hot, neutral and cold) are considered and the effects of eating hot/cold food are investigated under the mentioned conditions. Results indicate that the effects of eating hot or cold food are not negligible during the eating time and also in a period of time after that. At the neutral condition, the human thermal sensation is more sensitive to hot food than to cold ones. Eating hot food changes the body thermal sensation from neutral to hot. But, eating cold food would not make significant changes in the thermal sensation of the body. Results also show that cold food changes the body core temperature more than hot food. While hot food influences the skin temperature significantly.


Main Subjects

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