Document Type : Full Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor, Mechanical Engineering Group, Engineering School, Bu-Ali Sina University

2 Associate Professor, Group of Physical Education and Sport Science, Literature and Humanities School, Bu-Ali Sina University

3 M.Sc. Graduated, Mechanical Engineering Group, Engineering School, Bu-Ali Sina University



The present study was devoted to determine the standing human body reactions to perturbation of a base plate in the frontal plane, in order to preserve its stability. A base plate with sinusoidal fluctuation was designed and built and then markers were mounted on the specified locations on it and the skin of subjects before testing. During testing the subjects (N=10) tried to preserve their stability against perturbations. By using Motion Analysis System, the body responses of subjects were analyzed. Using inverse dynamic methods and experimental kinematic results, forces and moments applied to the joints and between feet soles and the base plate were determined. In theoretical study, the kinematic and dynamic equations of motion of a robotic model of human body in frontal plane by using repetitive Newton-Euler method were obtained. Based on the stability of the model and supporting vertical forces criterion an object function was defined, in order to assure the stability of the model. By optimization of the object function, angle of the model joints under perturbation and its first and second derivatives were determined. The good agreement of the theoretical and experimental results states that in similar conditions a robotic model can be used instead of expensive and time-consuming experiments.


Main Subjects

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