Document Type : Full Research Paper


1 M.Sc Student, Medical Engineering School, Amir Kabir University

2 Professor, Medical Engineering School, Amir Kabir University

3 Assistant Professor, Material Energy and Research Center (MERC)



Calcium phosphate cements are among the formable calcium phosphate cements which are widely used for reconstruction of hard tissue injuries. Unfortunately, due to low mechanical strength, the application of such materials is only limited to non-load bearing like skull. We have investigated some mechanical and characteristics of a calcium phosphate cement which was reinforced with glass fiber. Compressed strength, setting time, phase composition and microstructure of the composite cement were among the cases which were investigated using appropriate techniques. The results indicated that adding only 15 weight percent of glass fiber (with about 100µm diameter) which was prepared using sol-gel method, does not show any meaningful change in the setting time of calcium phosphate cement This period of time was estimated about 20 minutes. Compressed strength of the cements without any fibers was 0.635MPa which was increased by adding fiber to 3.69MPa.The toughness of the cement was changed from 0.098KJ/m2 for cement without any fibers to 0.545KJ/m2 cement containing fibers. The XRD pattern of the composite samples which were maintained in the Ringer's solution showed that the reactant materials of the cement have almost thoroughly converted to hydroxyapatite which in this case does not show much difference with the non-fiber samples. As a whole, it seems that using glass fiber prepared by sol-gel method can considerably increase mechanical strength and toughness of calcium phosphate. This occurs without any effect on the quality of the cement. 


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