Document Type : Full Research Paper


1 M.Sc، Department of Mechanical Engineering،Sahand University of Technology، Tabriz، Iran

2 Ph.D، Associate Professor in Biomechanics، Department of Mechanical Engineering،Sahand University of Technology، Tabriz، Iran

3 Ph.D، Assistant Professor in Physiology،University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences، Tehran،Iran



Cervical multifidus muscle is one of the neck extensor muscles that plays an important role in the neck stability. By observing the different behaviors for this muscle during the six shoulder activities in previous study, it was modeled within the software and the effect of its action on the different shoulder activities evaluated as a parametric study. For this end, a biomechanical model of the human locomotion system, which includes muscles of the shoulder, forearm and hand and 3 joints, was considered. After finding the maximum strength in six movement directions of the shoulder joint including flexion, extension, internal rotation, external rotation, abduction and adduction, the strength of 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 percent of the maximum strength applied to model for each activities separately and the percentage of cervical multifidus and shoulder muscles activities have been saved. Moreover, applied torques by these muscles during different activities have been measured by calculating their effective torque arm. Assesing the relationship between the strength of cervical multifidus muscle with contraction level using the regression models showed a high correlation between these two factors during abduction, external rotation and extension activities (R2= 0.96-0.997). The produced torque by this muscle is more than the main muscles during the abduction and external rotation activities. This study showed that cervical multifidus muscle disfunction in addition to effect on the range of motion of neck, can be effective on the shoulder joint activities that it should be considerd in NIOSH lifting equation for individuals with neck pain.


Main Subjects

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