Document Type : Full Research Paper


1 M.Sc., Biomedical Engineering-Biomechanics, Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies (FNST), University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Biomedical Engineering Department, Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies (FNST), University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran



Microneedles are a type of micron-sized needle that is the third most widely used delivery system after oral and injectable drug delivery, used in a variety of fields including drug release and rejuvenation. Optimizing the geometry of microneedles to reduce pain and inflammation has been important in recent years. Due to the high cost of microneedle fabrication, numerical simulation of microneedle penetration into the skin can be useful to evaluate the microneedle strength as well as its effect on the skin during penetration. In this study, first a new simulation method in Abaqus software with explicit method using cohesive elements to investigate the penetration of microneedles in the skin of the human forearm was presented. The skin was considered as Ogden and bilayer hyperelastic models. The microneedle was considered as a rigid body and a constant velocity of 0.6 mm/s was applied to it .The microneedle with bulk with bio-inspired titles was examined and its important parameters such as height, sharpness and bulk angle were evaluated. Finally, some proposed models of microneedles with longitudinal grooves are presented to increase the concentration of stress on the skin and prevent friction. A comparison of the designed microneedle with the barbless microneedle shows that the barbed microneedle concentrates more than twice as much stress on the skin, but reduces the penetration force by as much as 15%, making it easier to penetrate the skin. The results show that the reduction longitudinal grooves increase the tension created in the skin by about 10%, but have little effect on the penetrating force on the skin.


Main Subjects

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