Document Type : Full Research Paper


1 MSc, Biomedical Engineering Department, Electrical Engineering Faculty, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran

2 Professor, Biomedical Engineering Department, Electrical Engineering Faculty, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran



To interact with such an ever-changing environment in which we live, our brain requires to continuously generate and update expectations about relevant upcoming events and their estimation for the corresponding sensory and motor responses. The goal of this study is to investigate the connectivity in time perception in the two predictable and unpredictable conditions. The data needed for the study from EEG signals recorded from the existing database that included an experiment was conducted on 29 healthy subjects in the two predictable and unpredictable conditions and in 4 delays of 83, 150, 400, 800 ms for each person was done. To estimate the functional connectivity between brain regions, we used the phase lag index method. This method is used to detect time perception in two conditions, predictable and unpredictable events. Initially, by comparing the two conditions in 4 delays was shown that more of the differences were in the gamma, beta, and theta bands. Also, the significant difference between the delays in the predictable condition was greater than the unpredictable condition. Then, the difference between the two conditions in each delay was discussed. The results showed a significant difference in all delays. The alpha band in the unpredictable condition in 400-ms delay, the number of connectivity between occipital and temporal regions was increased and stronger, and also the mean of the unpredictable connectivity was higher than predictable condition. In the delta band for 150, 400 and 800-ms delays, there was connectivity between the central and frontal regions, whereas in 83-ms-delay there was stronger connectivity between the central and prefrontal regions. The right hemisphere of the prefrontal is important in time perception. At the longest delay (800 ms), in three bands, delta, theta, and beta, connectivity decreased in both conditions compared to the other delays.


Main Subjects

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