Document Type : Full Research Paper


1 Ph.D, Associate Professor in Biomechanics, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran

2 M.Sc, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran


Long bone fracture is the most prevalent traumatic fractures that accures due to the strike and attacted load exertions, which one of them is the butterfly fracture. This type of fracture may happen with sudden and combined forces. Since in this type of fracture, the number of fracture lines is more than other types of fractures, developing a prohibitive method may be usfull. The present paper is aimed to investigate the effects of strain rate and use of fastener on butterfly fracture in bone samples. To this end, invivo sheep metacarpal bone samples were examined in four groups: distinguished based on different strain rates, loading conditions and boundry conditions. The first one underwent pure bending at rate of 20 mm/s. The second group and third group experience combined bending and axial compression at rate of 5 mm/s and 20 mm/s, respectively. Bone samples in the fourth group, however, sustained combined loading of bending and axial compression while their ends had been fixed. Comparison between the first and third groups significantly stated that exerting axial compression increases the number of butterfly fractured samples. Results show that at the higher strain rates, the number of butterfly fracture increases. Constraining the ends of the bone samples, on the other hand, led to dissipate the effects of combined loading and also high strain rate. Furthermore, a considerable accordance was observed based on Pearson Correlation test by amount of 0.947.


Main Subjects

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