نوع مقاله : مقاله کامل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد مهندسی پزشکی-بیومکانیک، گروه مهندسی علوم زیستی، دانشکده‌ی علوم و فنون نوین، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار، بخش مهندسی پزشکی، گروه مهندسی علوم زیستی، دانشکده‌ی علوم و فنون نوین، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

10.22041/ijbme.2021.141559.1652

چکیده

ریزسوزن‌ها نوعی سوزن با ابعاد میکرونی بوده که پس از تحویل دارویی از طریق دهانی و تزریقی سومین سیستم تحویل پرکاربرد هستند. با توجه به هزینه‌ی بالای ساخت ریزسوزن، شبیه‌سازی عددی نفوذ ریزسوزن در پوست می‌تواند برای بررسی استحکام ریزسوزن و هم‌چنین اثر آن روی پوست در حین نفوذ مفید باشد. در این پژوهش نفوذ ریزسون‌های زیست‌الهام بر اساس نیش زنبور عسل در پوست با استفاده از المان‌های کوهسیو در حالت سه‌بعدی در نرم‌افزار آباکوس شبیه‌سازی شده است. هم‌چنین مدل پوست بر اساس داده‌های آزمایشگاهی و بر اساس مدل اوگدن انتخاب شده است. ریزسوزن به عنوان جسم صلب در نظر گرفته شده و به آن سرعت ثابت 6/0 میلی‌متربرثانیه اعمال شده است. ریزسوزن دارای بالک با عنوان‌ زیست‌الهام بررسی شده و پارامترهای مهم آن مانند ارتفاع، تیزی و زاویه‌ی بالک ارزیابی شده است. در انتها چند مدل پیشنهادی از ریزسوزن‌ها به همراه شیارهای طولی برای افزایش تمرکز تنش روی پوست و جلوگیری از اصطکاک ارائه شده است. مقایسه‌ی ریزسوزن بالک‌دار طراحی شده با ریزسوزن بدون بالک نشان داده که ریزسوزن بالک‌دار تمرکز تنش بیش‌تری (حدود دو برابر) روی پوست ایجاد کرده اما نیروی نفوذ را به اندازه‌ی 15% کاهش داده که در نتیجه راحت‌تر در پوست نفوذ می‌کند. نتایج حاصل بیان می‌کند که شیارهای طولی کاهشی تا حدود 10% تنش ایجاد شده در پوست را افزایش داده اما تاثیر ناچیزی روی نیروی نفوذ در پوست دارد. نتایج این پژوهش می‌تواند در زمینه‌ی دارورسانی، نمونه‌برداری، جوان‌سازی به وسیله‌ی ریزسوزن و هم‌چنین برای ساخت چسب‌های پزشکی و ریزسوزن‌های مورد استفاده در ثبت سیگنال زیستی مانند الکتروکاردیوگرافی، الکترومایوگرافی و الکتروانسفالوگرافی مفید باشد. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Quantitative Analysis of Biomechanical Parameters of Bioinspirational Designed Medical Microneedles in Interaction with Skin using Finite Elements Method

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yasaman Amiri, 1
  • Bahman Vahidi 2

1 M.Sc., Biomedical Engineering-Biomechanics, Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies (FNST), University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Biomedical Engineering Department, Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies (FNST), University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

Microneedles are a type of micron-sized needle that is the third most widely used delivery system after oral and injectable drug delivery, used in a variety of fields including drug release and rejuvenation. Optimizing the geometry of microneedles to reduce pain and inflammation has been important in recent years. Due to the high cost of microneedle fabrication, numerical simulation of microneedle penetration into the skin can be useful to evaluate the microneedle strength as well as its effect on the skin during penetration. In this study, first a new simulation method in Abaqus software with explicit method using cohesive elements to investigate the penetration of microneedles in the skin of the human forearm was presented. The skin was considered as Ogden and bilayer hyperelastic models. The microneedle was considered as a rigid body and a constant velocity of 0.6 mm/s was applied to it .The microneedle with bulk with bio-inspired titles was examined and its important parameters such as height, sharpness and bulk angle were evaluated. Finally, some proposed models of microneedles with longitudinal grooves are presented to increase the concentration of stress on the skin and prevent friction. A comparison of the designed microneedle with the barbless microneedle shows that the barbed microneedle concentrates more than twice as much stress on the skin, but reduces the penetration force by as much as 15%, making it easier to penetrate the skin. The results show that the reduction longitudinal grooves increase the tension created in the skin by about 10%, but have little effect on the penetrating force on the skin.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • ABAQUS
  • bioinspiration
  • Microneedle
  • cohesive element
  • finite element method
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